The United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) was inaugurated in Libreville, Gabon, on 2 March 2011. This political office is the third attached to the UN Department of Political Affairs, with the UN Office for West Africa (UNOWA) and the UN Regional Centre for preventive Diplomacy in Central Asia (UNRCCA), which have demonstrated the value of preventive diplomacy in helping regions to manage shared problems, tensions and crises peacefully. UNOCA covers the eleven Member States of the Economic Community for Central African States (ECCAS): Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
Efforts continue to consolidate peace in the sub-region following a long history of instability and armed conflicts. With porous borders, political tension in one country often affects neighboring countries. As a result, the sub-region faces various cross-border challenges such as arms trafficking, organized crime and armed groups with a record of human rights abuses including the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).